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Research area 3: Innovation, sustainable development and welfare

Led by: J-P. Bassino

Faculty and CNRS staff attached primarily to research area 3:

Bassino, Jean-Pascal, Professor of Economics (ENS de Lyon)
Lecler, Yveline, Professor of Political Science (Sciences Po Lyon)
Rieu, Alain-Marc (until September 2014)
Sugita, Kurumi, CR CNRS anthropologie sociale (section 38) (until September 2014)
Shi Lu, Associate Professor, Chinese Language and Civilisation (U. of Lyon 3)
Vial, Virginie, Associate Professor, Kedge Business School
Yamamoto, Miyuki, Analyst in Social Sciences, CNRS

IAO research scholars attached secondarily to research area 1 (main research area in brackets):

Gédéon, Laurent (research area 2)
Graziani, Romain (research area 1)
Jaluzot, Béatrice (research area 1)
Peyvel, Emmanuelle (research area 2)

Post-doctoral and associate research scholars:

Augendre, Marie, Associate professor in Geography, U. of Lyon 2 (attached principally to the EVS)
Faure, Guy, Senior Fellow at the CNRS, seconded to the supervision of research (HDR) in Political Science (section 33, Director of the Tokyo office of the CNRS to August 31, 2014
Cherrier, Pauline, PhD in Political Science, post-doctoral research scholar at the LIEAS
Rieu, Alain-Marc, Professor of Philosophy (U. of Lyon 3)
Sugita, Kurumi, Research Fellow in Social Anthropology, CNRS (section 38)

Ongoing research projects:

PICS CNRS : Natural capital, total stock of assets, internal migrations, and sustainable well-being: long-run dynamics in Japan (700-2010)
Team leaders : Jean-Pascal Bassino, IAO, ENS de Lyon, and Kyoji Fukao, IER, Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo (2014-2016 ; CNRS financial support for the French team: 6000 euros per year)

The aim is the project is to investigate the role of physical and human capital accumulation and the preservation of natural assets (in a weak sustainability approach) as determinant of living standards in Japan in the long run, covering the period from ca 700 using country level information, and from 1800 using regional-level information. From the viewpoint of welfare economics, the relevant indicator of sustainable well-being is not a flow (income) but a stock variable: the total stock of capital (human, natural and produced) per head (Dasgupta 2001, 2009). This theoretical result has seen an application in the measure of genuine saving (GS) that allowed assessing the importance of natural capital in total national wealth in developing countries (Hamilton 2006). However, these results may be sensitive to the definition of the value of natural capital. In particular, the GS does not take into account the value of fish stocks and biodiversity, and changes in relative asset prices.

From Eco-districts to smart cities: Which role for electro-mobility? A comparison between France and Japan
Joint research project IAO/LET (2013-2015), funded by PREDIT 4, GO6 (ADEME) : 29 000 euros
IAO research fellows involved: Granier Benoît (PhD candidate), Lecler Yveline (Professor, project coordinator), Leprêtre Nicolas (PhD candidate)

This project, based on the findings of a previous one, has started in September 2013. It aims at studying more precisely the mobility issue integrated in the experimentation of smart energy management, the so called “Smart Communities” as defined by the Japanese government. A first level of analysis concerns the role given to the mobility issue and the incentives to promote a more sustainable one (location and availability of a collective transport service, car-sharing or self-service car, etc.). A second level concerns the promotion of electric car and the availability of necessary equipment (charging stations). The importance of electrical energy in smart communities’ projects naturally leads to the question of the role for electric car. Beside the idea of a clean vehicle, it appears in many cases that the electric vehicle would also be an easy means to make profitable the generation of renewable energy (solar, wind) or to generates a battery storage capacity that would complement batteries provided for renewable electricity sources (V2H or Vehicle to Home). A third level concerns the acceptance by population living in these experimental areas and the means used to promote behavior changes as well as the public/private coordination of actors involved between industrial strategic stakes and cities sustainability challenges.

Based on 5 case studies (Lyon Confluence in France and the 4 labelled smart communities in Japan) and on policies implemented (services and infrastructures created), the research goal is to analyze the different aspect of alternative mobility and its role in terms of renewable energies’ management, but also to identify the breaks or success factors related to population behavior and life style. The comparison between France and Japan should be the occasion to point out each country’s peculiarities.

Projets récemment terminés/recently ended projects

Green Growth in Japan: public policies and experiments; short-term project (2012 Sept. 2013 Sept.) funded by Rhone Alps Region (ARC 8)
IAO research fellow involved: Lecler Yveline (ccordinator), Granier Benoit, Nicolas Leprêtre

Just like Europe, Japan attempts to create new growth opportunities and revitalize its economy by promoting green innovation Many programs and experiments in this sense have been initiated: Eco-towns, smart grids, smart communities. The research aims was to study these policies, the institutional arrangements and the strategies developed by the different players involved in these cooperation at the local level but also at the international one.

Method: The research which had a strong regional dimension, has taken an empirical approach to study cases through semi-directive interviews of actors involved in experimentations.

Results: The research has pointed out the main characteristics of policies implemented and contributed to prepared a joint research program including Japanese colleagues (see above ongoing research).

Prices and incomes history in Japan (1200-1950) and Vietnam (1880-1950)
Foundation (NSF) Sub-contract. Funding: NSF project #SES0922531 Global Price and Income History (GPIH http://gpih.ucdavis.edu/) ; team leader: Peter Lindert ; 17,000 US$ ; Period 3 year (2009-2012)
Project led by: J-P. Bassino

Price data from various locations of western and central Japan covering the period 1400-1750 have been collected as part of the second stage of the GPIH. During the third stage, price and wage data covering the period 1000-1400 are being collected. As far as wages are concerned, most of the information is related to construction of new buildings and repairs of temples in Kyoto, Nara and other locations in the Kinai region. Price data come from various sources; some of these prices can be regarded as wholesale or retail prices, while others seem akin to official (i.e. administrative) prices. For Vietnam, the objective is to estimate Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and the Balance of Payments (BOP) under French rule (ca 1880-1954) in order to provide the basis for a reinterpretation of Vietnam’s economic transformation.

After Fukushima: the impact on the human and social sciences .
ENS de Lyon;Amount: €3000€ -Period: 12 months (2012-2013)
Project headed by: A-M. Rieu

Innovation policies and SMEs : regional dynamics in Europe and Japan
Joint research program IAO/UMIFRE 19 Maison Franco-Japonaise (NichiFutsu Kaikan), 2008-2010 in cooperation with the University of Tokyo (Manufacturing Management Research Center and the University of Tohoku, GCOE school of Law. Funded (35000 euros) by Maison Franco-Japonais, IAO/ENSL, Rhone-Alps Region, Agence Invest in Wallonia. Coordinator: Yveline Lecler.
IAO research fellows involved: Yveline Lecler, Béatrice Jaluzot, Akira Hattori

Objectives: National as well as local authorities intending in Europe as in Japan to revitalize their economy and recover their international competitiveness by linking Industrial, academics and public spheres (san-gaku-kan or triple helix), the research aimed at studying concretely in several regions taken as case studies the solutions implemented to promote the creation of start-ups based on research, the technology transfer devices etc.

Method: Study of the legal framework and reforms related to innovation policies and in depth study of cases in two Japanese regions (Tokyo and Tohoku) and in two European ones (Rhone-Alps and Wallonia).

Results: The research has shown that in Europe like in Japan, the aim of reforms of universities, of intellectual property, as well as the support to incubation, to technology transfer or even to clustering, was quite similar as it was based on the same philosophy, on the same model. Differences in the method of application have been pointed out, differences that could be explained by the pre-existing national institutional context, societal, industrial or even ideological conditions. These conditions however led to results which were not bad but remained below expectations both in the European and Japanese regions studied.

Regional Revitalization, SMEs and employment. Towards a regional innovation system ?
Joint research program IAO/Tokyo University, Institute of Social Sciences (LIA-CASSH), 2008-2012, funded by CNRS 13000 euros (+Tokyo University), coordinated by Yveline Lecler and Kase Kazutoshi. IAO research fellow involved: Yveline Lecler, Akira Hattori, Baptiste Kumala

Objectives: The numerous industrial districts (jibasangyo, sanchi) where SMEs are agglomerated all over the Japanese regions face difficulties (loss of activities, employment and population). The aim of the research was to analyze the measures taken by public authorities to revitalize the concerned areas.

Method: comparative analysis of regional data complemented by case studies of some local actions based on semi-directive interviews of public actors.

Results: The research has shown that positive externalities recognized by the theory of agglomeration progressively disappeared since the 80s while the diverse laws and measures promoting revitalization of regional areas failed to bring expected results, finally leading at the end of the 90s, early 00s to a new package of public policies centered on innovation. With the eyes turned to USA, these policies were addressing two joint objectives: gain a decisive competitive advantage in sectors of the future, but also give through innovation, a new dynamics to industrial districts and regional areas in difficulty.

Recent publications and communications in conferences: see HAL-SHS

PhD students:

Girouard, Kim, PhD student in Contemporary History « Médicaliser la santé reproductive, maternelle et infantile en Chine du Sud, 1890-1950 » ( co-supervision with the University of Montreal).

Granier, Benoît, PhD student in Political Science « La participation citoyenne dans les villes durables : le cas des smart-communities au Japon ».

Leprêtre, Nicolas, PhD student in Political Science « Modes d’action publique et promotion des technologies vertes dans l’aménagement urbain : les initiatives d’éco-communautés au Japon » .

Sisaykeo, Phimpha, PhD student in Political Science « Transfert de compétences et réception par les acteurs bénéficiaires : l’expérience Chinon - Luang Prabang de coopération décentralisée au service de la préservation et de la mise en valeur d’une ville patrimoine au Laos ».