"Japanese Party Politics Today : How the "new" parties are changing the political panorama"
Prof. Dr. Hiroko Kudo, Visiting Research Fellow, German Research Institute for Public Administration Speyer, Professor, Faculty of Law, Chuo University Tokyo
Jeudi 5 février 2015, Salle de réunion de l’IAO (R66), de 14h à 15h30
Résumé : Japanese political party system had long defined as “dominant party system” and the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), “the dominant party”, was considered as “the twin of Italian Christian Democracy (DC, Democrazia Cristiana)” by Professor Giovanni Sartori, one of the major authorities of party system and party politics. This situation, however, has changed in recent years ; new parties have gained popularity and thus power, while the traditional parties have lost trust and thus support of the voters.
Starting with the unexpected victory of Nihon Shinto (New Party of Japan) lead by Hosokawa in 1993, the rise and fall of new parties in Japan has marked some important transformation in its party system. More recently, the Japan Restoration Party (Nihon-Ishin-no-kai) and then the Japan Innovation Party (Ishin-no-tou), founded by a controversial TV personality-lawyer tern politician Toru Hashimoto. A series of newly born parties was expected to construct the third pole, however they turned to be rather weak and fragmented ; thus some vanished very soon, and some, although they survived, had to find their position with the establishments.
The presentation tries to illustrate these trends, trying to clarify the reason of the rise and fall of new parties and their impacts to the existing party system.